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National Mammography Day!

Today we celebrate this day to join in Breast Cancer Awareness Month, it is National Mammography Day.  This day is celebrated on the third Friday of October each year to remind women to get their annual mammogram scheduled.  Early detection is the best defense against Breast Cancer.

According to CDC, the statistic report for breast cancer is the most common form of cancer diagnosed among women and about 1% of them are men which are about one in a thousand men, and usually signified by a hard lump underneath the nipple.  According to a survey, men with the disease have a higher mortality rate than women because they are less likely to assume they have breast cancer and they normally don’t get an annual mammogram.  Having your annual mammogram screening can diagnosed cancer and early detection is part of the process.

Studies show that more than 250,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States each year, and 40,500 die from it.  Death rates from breast cancer have been going down since 1990 due to early screening with the help of improving treatment options and raising awareness of early detection.

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. A sign of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, change of shape of the breast, fluid coming from the nipple, red or scaly patch of skin, or dimpling of the skin.  Risk factors for developing breast cancer include being women, but men call also get breast cancer, obesity also can be a factor, lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol among others.

Another breast cancer symptom is Paget’s disease of the breast.  This syndrome presents a skin change resembling eczemas, such as redness, discoloration or mild flaking of the nipple.  It can also include tingling, itching, increased sensitivity, burning, and pain.  Approximately half the women are diagnosed with Paget’s disease of the breast also have a lump in the breast.

So, today, help raise awareness about increasing education about breast cancer and access for a mammogram.  The importance of early detection of breast cancer can help reduce mortality if we help educate others regarding the risk factors and getting their annual mammogram and start at the age of 40 or 50.  Share on social media to raise awareness in celebration of Breast Cancer Month using #NationalMammogramDay.

1767 Mason and Dixon draw a line, dividing the colonies

On October 18, 1767, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon complete their survey of the boundary between the colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland as well as areas that would eventually become the states of Delaware and West Virginia. The Penn and Calvert families had hired Mason and Dixon, English surveyors, to settle their dispute over the boundary between their two proprietary colonies, Pennsylvania and Maryland.

In 1760, tired of border violence between the colonies’ settlers, the British crown demanded that the parties involved hold to an agreement reached in 1732. As part of Maryland and Pennsylvania’s adherence to this royal command, Mason and Dixon were asked to determine the exact whereabouts of the boundary between the two colonies. Though both colonies claimed the area between the 39th and 40th parallel, what is now referred to as the Mason-Dixon line finally settled the boundary at a northern latitude of 39 degrees and 43 minutes. The line was marked using stones, with Pennsylvania’s crest on one side and Maryland’s on the other.

When Mason and Dixon began their endeavor in 1763, colonists were protesting the Proclamation of 1763, which was intended to prevent colonists from settling beyond the Appalachians and angering Native Americans. As the Britons concluded their survey in 1767, the colonies were engaged in a dispute with the Parliament over the Townshend Acts, which were designed to raise revenue for the empire by taxing common imports including tea.

(excerpted from https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/mason-and-dixon-draw-a-line)